How to protect yourself from air pollution? Everything You Need to Know

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Air pollution

Every year at this time the level of pollution in the air increases. There are also reports of poisoning in the air of big cities. Air pollution is not only a threat to respiratory patients. It also has a bad effect on other parts of the body. Our mentors are telling you how to protect yourself.

Around 7 million people die annually due to air pollution worldwide. The smoke from factories and vehicles, unhygienic fuels, waste from factories, and harmful gases spoil the quality of air, leading to increased air pollution. Indeed, air pollution contains many harmful gases and fine particles such as tropospheric ozone, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and benzopyrene, which enter the body when inhaled with very fine particles of PM2.5 present in the air. Affect the vital organs.

Bad effects on the organs from air pollution, and their prevention from them.

Eye, nose and throat problems

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Due to air pollution, problems like burning, itching, constant watering or redness of the eyes start increasing. Constant problems like running water through the nose, sneezing and nose peeling. If there is more than 2 hours in the polluted air continuously, a sore throat and a dry cough can be disturbed.

How to rescue

  • Always wear UV protection glasses while going out.
  • Add eye drops for dryness and irritation in the eyes.
  • Wash eyes repeatedly with clean water. Keep steaming
  • Drink honey mixed with lukewarm water, eat sugar and fennel mixed. Must eat jaggery after meals.
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Harms your skin too

Air pollution can also cause great damage to the skin. It can also cause untimely wrinkles, freckles, eczema, skin dryness, psoriasis, pimples and skin cancer in critical condition.

How to rescue

  • Apply SPF-50 or more sunscreen and moisturizer to protect the skin from the side effects of air pollution.
  • Dressed in full arms while exiting. And cover the face well.
  • Wash hands and face thoroughly when coming from outside.

There may be lung infections and other problems.

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When particles contaminated with air enter the respiratory tract through the nose, the respiratory tract is blocked, causing oxygen supply to be disrupted. Problems like cough, difficulty in breathing, frequent sneezing, chest pain and breathlessness. Those who already have respiratory diseases, their problems increase in this season. Long-term exposure to polluted air increases the risk of lung cancer, heart attack and stroke.

How to rescue

  • Do not leave the house when the pollution is high.
  • Wearing N95 mask while going out. If it is not available, then tie a wet handkerchief on the mouth.
  • Use air purifiers indoors.
  • Medications have been taken regularly. Take care of the inhaler and nebulizer.
Also, take care of your heart from air pollution

According to WHO, every year 17.9 lakh people around the world lose their lives due to heart disease, in which more people die due to air pollution. The effect of air pollution on heart diseases is disturbed for a long time. As such, the layer of vasa begins to freeze on the inner surface of the heart arteries, which reduces the heart’s ability to function. In addition, fine particles of pollution also block the blood vessels, which increases the risk of a heart attack. The arteries of the heart get swollen due to air pollution, which adversely affects the functioning of the heart.

How to rescue

  • Heart patients mostly stayed indoors. Avoid taking any medicine on time.
  • Do light exercise at home. Eat a balanced diet.
Digestive problem
Digestive problem

Air pollution directly affects the digestive system in the form of stomach irritation, appendicitis, and ulcers in women. Various researches have found that excessive amount of nitrogen dioxide present in the air causes persistent pain in the stomach and an intestinal disease called Crohn’s, which lasts a lifetime. Air pollution destroys the good bacteria in the intestines, which reduces the resistance and reduces the digestive capacity.

How to rescue

  • Always eat good quality foods.
  • Eat fresh fruits and vegetables, wash them well, and eat them.
  • Take a probiotic diet. Especially eat yogurt. Stay away from foul things
Do not ignore the kidney in this situation

Various pollutants, dust, smoke and air in the air enter our blood and cause heavy damage to the kidneys. The main function of the kidney is to remove impurities from the blood. But when large amounts of pollutants are absorbed into the blood, there is excessive pressure on the kidney, which reduces its performance. Experts say that polluted air can also increase the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This problem bothers people living in densely populated people.

How to rescue

  • Avoid being near crowded areas and factories.
  • Plant trees that clean the air.
  • Take a healthy diet.
  • Go for a walk every day
Bones are also weak due to air pollution.
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Photo by Victoria Borodinova on

Air pollution increases the risk of a disease called osteoporosis by weakening the bones, due to which the density of bones gradually decreases and they start to weaken. Research suggests that fine particles in the air cause great damage to bones, due to which serious conditions such as swelling and loss of mass in bones can arise. If clean fuel is not used at the time of cooking, the smoke can cause this situation.

  • Keep plenty of calcium in the diet
  • Use good fuel for cooking
  • Go for a regular walk
Patients with sugar should also be careful

When the PM2.5 present in the air exceeds the limit of 10 micrograms per cubic meter, the risk of sugar increases. PM2.5 reaches our brain through the thin cell membranes of the nose, which begins to produce oxidative stress by weakening the body’s immunity. Which increase the risk of diabetes.

  • Take food that enhances immunity
  • Take care of insulin levels and do not have an empty stomach for long
  • Don’t miss a walk
The air purifier is also effective

Do you know that the air inside the house can be about 4 to 5 times more dangerous than outside. Hence the use of air purifiers has increased considerably in recent years, which makes the air cleaner by eliminating the dust particles and pollen particles along with PM2.5 present in the room air. Always buy purifiers according to the size of your room and do not forget to change its field after a fixed time. Fire the entire fire only by closing the windows and doors of the house properly. Also take care of fresh air coming into the room.

Things to keep in mind
  • When the PM2.5 level in the air starts to rise above the set standards, it affects the nervous system. Problems such as fatigue, headache, vomiting, irritability and depression start to breathe with polluted air.
  • Due to air pollution, hair starts becoming dry and lifeless. While going out, tie the hair with a scarf and wash the hair with chemical rich shampoo.
  • Although the n-95 mask is considered to be the most effective in preventing air pollution, but it can cause problems for respiratory patients. So they wet the napkin and tie it on the nose.
  • Wash masks made of cloth regularly.
  • Do not practice pranayama and anulom antonyms when pollution is high.
  • Gargle with salt water daily.
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